Administration of nebulised medication
Nebulisers are used to deliver a variety of medications via the respiratory tract for local or systemic effect. Nebulisation is a process by which oxygen or air is pumped through a liquid medication to create a mist of fine particles that can be inhaled over a period of 5 – 10 minutes. This allows for larger doses of medication to be inhaled over a longer period.
They are useful for:
- administering medications that are not available in an inhaler
- clients who cannot use or accept a Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI) with a spacer or other device because of confusion, hand weakness or coordination problems
Nebulisers need to be maintained and cleaned to avoid microbial build-up.