Administration of a Rectal Suppository
The rectal route is used when other routes are not appropriate. A suppository is a small torpedo shaped cylinder that dissolves at body temperature when administered rectally.
This route allows for faster absorption of the medication than the oral route, with a reduction in side effects associated with oral administration and gastro-intestinal irritation.
The rectal route can be both physically and psychosocially uncomfortable, so there is a need to educate the client on the procedure prior to administration. Consider alternative forms of communication if there is a possibility that you may not be understood.
This route is used for the administration of:
- Laxatives for constipation and as a part of a bowel preparation regime
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID)
Clients who might require this route of administration include those who are:
- Receiving palliative care
- Spinal cord injured